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Facts on Finland

STATE

  • Finland is a republic and a member of the European Union (EU).
  • The capital of Finland is Helsinki.
  • Finland is divided into self-governed municipalities.
  • Åland is an autonomous region of Finland.

PEOPLE

  • Finland has 5.5 million inhabitants.
  • The national languages are Finnish and Swedish.
  • There are also Sámi people in Finland. The Sámi are the only indigenous people of the European Union.
  • Many Finns speak fluent English.
  • In 2021, 86,5% spoke Finnish, 5,2% Swedish, 0,04% Sámi and 8,3% other languages, as their native language (mother tongue) in Finland.

CLIMATE AND GEOGRAPHY

  • Finland is located in Northern Europe in the Baltic Sea region.
  • Finland is geographically and culturally a part of the Nordic region, that in addition to Finland, includes Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Iceland.
  • Finland’s neighbouring countries are Russia (east), Norway (north), Sweden (west) and Estonia (south).
  • The surface area of Finland is 338,432 km², which includes the land and inland water areas.

ECONOMY

  • The currency of Finland is the euro.

HISTORY

CREATING FINNISH WELFARE

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